Saturday, 22 November 2014

Categorising human movement in paleo \ hunter gatherer times

The first step is to categorize the types\range of “natural”
human movements. These are all trends and exceptions to the ratings
of intensity and duration may occur. For example, escape from a
predator is expected to be all out and short duration on the vast
majority of occasions but could be medium intensity for medium
duration in an unusual situation.
 

FunctionMovementIntensityDuration
Food searchWalk, jog, climb swim
[carry children]
Low

Long


Chase\stalk
(combined or separate)
Jog run sprint
dive swim


Low-high



Short-medium



wound & kill


Jog run sprint
hang climb
dive swim
upper body movement
Medium-High


Short-medium



GatherHang climb swim dive
bend squat
upper body movement
Medium


Medium


Escapesprint, climb, swim etcHighShort-medium
Carry food\childrenbend\squat to lift) Walk & carryLow-medium
Intermittent rest breaks
Moderate
FightMixed pattern eg hit kick grapple weapon usageHighShort
MigrateWalk jogLowLong
SleepProne\supine postureLow Long
RestSquat flat foot, on ball feet, 1 leg crane etc
Many & varied
Low


Variable


ToiletsquatLowShort
Play eg dance, games, socialiseMany & variedLow-highShort-long
Prayer, Rites of passage etc
 
Dance, rest\sleep type postures, search or escape type
activities 
Low-medium

 
Short-long


SexYou already know...You already know...You already know...
ExerciseDid not exist per se.--

Resting patterns are briefly mentioned in the table but the amount
of rest will depend upon the amount of effort. In some cultures,
hunters rest every second day as they are tired after the hunt. In
others, hunting occurs every day but the intensity and duration is
less.
 
 Trends start to emerge:
  • lots of walking, some more walking while carrying objects and some running\sprinting
  •  the full range of human movements
  •   rest schedule is related to the workload. Hunter gatherers behave like predators rather than prey and if oppurtunities allow do not engage in “√§ll out efforts” except uncommonly in infrequent situations eg fight and escape from predator or other danger.

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